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The State of Biodiversity in Africa: a mid-term review of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

16 / 08 / 2016, Eldis Biodiversity

Global Biodiversity Outlook-4, the mid-term review of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 , provided a global assessment of progress towards the attainment of the Plan'€™s global biodiversity goals and associated Aichi Biodiversity Targets, but contained limited regional information. This report builds on and complements the global GBO-4 assessment. It is the second edition of the State of Biodiversity in Africa report and serves as a near mid-term review of progress towards the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 for the African region.This report draws on a set of regional indicators, information from fifth national reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), other government reports, case studies and published literature, to provide a target by target review of progress towards the twenty Aichi Biodiversity Targets. As much as possible, global indicators for Aichi Biodiversity Targets have been broken down to regional level and some additional analyses of existing global information have been undertaken. However, limitations in data have meant that some datasets which do not extend past 2011 have been included to illustrate that relevant information exists, but that further efforts to update this information.The key messages about the state of biodiversity in Africa, and the pressures upon it, which have emerged from this assessment are:overall, biodiversity in Africa continues to decline, with ongoing losses of species and habitatsongoing loss of biodiversity in Africa is driven by a combination of human-induced factorsAfrica’s freshwater ecosystems and their biodiversity are especially threatenedAfrica continues to experience deforestation and forest degradationthe negative impacts of climate change on species and ecosystems are exacerbating the effects of all these pressuresnonetheless the report identifies a number of important responses which have taken place since 2011African countries are working collaboratively to address particular Aichi Biodiversity Targetsthere is a growing portfolio of international support for African countries to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity TargetsAfrican countries are using ecosystem service valuation and investment in REDD+ to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targetsmany African countries have already achieved their 17% terrestrial protected area targets, and many others are working towards this target on land, as well as on the 10% marine protected areas target on the seaAfrica is making increasing use of ecosystem-based conservation and restoration of natural resources

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