Continue your search in other data sources

NLBIF provides information about the online publication of biodiversity data. If you really want or need to know something about the distribution of species, correct species names, photographs of species, literature on specific species, etc., there are various freely accessible and searchable data systems available for that purpose.


GBIF is the parent organisation of NLBIF. The GBIF portal can be used to search on species names, either scientific or non-scientific. All taxonomic information GBIF receives, becomes part of the Global Names Architecture (GNA), this system is the taxonomic backbone of GBIF. This taxonomic backbone of GBIF is not authoritative, GBIF does not decide which names are and which names are not allowed. GBIF often does make it possible to link up to authoritative lists, such as the Catalogue of Life.


uBio is a database of all species names ever mentioned in the literature, so that means it includes incorrect species names too. uBio is the largest collection of species names ever compiled. Searching can be performed in this database according to species names and common names.

Catalogue of Life

The Catalogue of Life (CoL) is a complete international index of validated species names compiled by a network of taxonomic specialists. The list includes information about higher taxonomy and is growing steadily. The CoL is currently the most widely used taxonomic checklist at the global level.

Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure

The Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure (PESI) is a checklist of species names specific to Europe. Apart from taxonomic information the list provides information on the distribution of species and specific European information such as species names in European languages. The list is compiled from information obtained from sub-lists such as Fauna Europaea (FaEu) for terrestrial and freshwater animals, Euro+Med Plant Base for vascular plants from Europe and the Mediterranean region, the European Register of Marine Species (ERMS) with marine and coastal species and the European section of the Index Fungorum (IF), the fungal database.


The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) is the most complete species list of Marine species in the world.

Encyclopedia of Life

The Encyclopedia of Life (EoL) tries to generate a page containing standard information for every species on earth. This information contains data on the taxonomy, geography, literature, illustrations, etc. EoL often makes use of information from sources such as GBIF, CoL and WoRMS.

Biodiversity Heritage Library

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is an international collective initiative aimed at making biodiversity literature freely and digitally accessible to everyone. BHL also has a European branch; BHL-Europe.

Dutch Species Catalogue

The most complete list of species occurring in the Netherlands.


Please note: almost all of these sources are inter-linked, for example, the GBIF portal provides access to EoL, BHL and CoL.