Analysis of possible indicators to measure impacts of REDD + on biodiversity and on indigenous and local communities
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) is a key approach for addressing the threat of global climate change under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). REDD aims to reduce greenhouse gases by conserving carbon pools and sequestration through financial incentives and other benefits to developing countries for carbon storage and reduced emissions from forest lands via different eligible activities. In December 2008, a ‘plus’ was added (REDD+) to indicate agreement on efforts to produce additional benefits beyond reducing deforestation and sequestering carbon, in particular to contribute to conservation and sustainable forest management with a focus on sustainable management of forests, conservation, and enhancement of carbon stocks. While REDD+ offers powerful synergies for achieving the CBD goals, it and other climate change mitigation measures also present potential challenges that could undermine CBD goals. This paper explores a path for harmonizing the goals of CBD and UNFCCC though the application of illustrative indicators that could be adapted to fit the CBD and UNFCCC monitoring and reporting systems.